Sunday, 9 September 2012

Conspiracies in fiction novels

During my countdown to release of Feedback, my paranoral spy thriller released October 5, 2012, I have been posting conspiracy theories as teasers. As a fiction author, I love conspiracy theories. They make a great source of fact and fiction.
A classic among conspiracy theories is that the Apollo moon landing never took place, and was faked by NASA with possible CIA support. Personally, I believe Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon, in fact I am in awe of atronauts - they are amazing, but many don't believe anyone has ever landed on the moon. The below are a range of explanations offered to debunk the conspiracies.
Number 1

The astronauts could not have survived the trip because of exposure to radiation.

Explantion: This claim is largely based on a claim from a Russian cosmonaut. The short time it takes to pass through the belt, combined with the protection from the spacecraft, means any exposure to radiation would be very low.

Number 2
The photos were altered: the Crosshairs on some photos appear to be behind objects, rather than in front of them where they should be.
Explantion: Umm, I have none. I'm not a photograph expert.
Number 3
The quality of the photographs is implausibly high for 1969.
Explanation: I think people are confusing what they saw on TV with the quality of the film. VHS vs Beta is a classic example of what the professionals use vs what the general public uses.  While consumers watched VCHS tapes, the TV stations were using Beta imagery. The output was less quality than the input. Still, it could be argued that the photos produced are of exceptional quality. Plus they would have had the best equipment.
Number 4
There are no stars in any of the photos, and astronauts never report seeing any stars from the capsule windows.
Explanation: The Apollo landing takes place during lunar mornings, with the Sun shining brightly. The stars are not bright enough in this light to be captured in the photographs.
Now, I have to say that I've looked up at the moon at night and the light reflected off the moon is so bright that you can’t see stars in very close proximity to the moon. Nor can we see stars during the day.  The truth is, the lunar landscape is so bright that the camera exposure settings to take a good lunar landscape photo are not sensitive enough to image the much (much Much MUCH) fainter stars that are in the lunar sky. If the camera was set to record the stars, the moonscape would be washed out white and featureless.
The below link has a list of photos taken from the moon:
The below link has scientific explanations on why there are no stars in the photos and some samples of what sort of light and exopsures you need to see stars and planets:
Number 5
The rocks brought back from the Moon are identical to rocks collected by scientific expeditions to Antarctica

Some Moon rocks have been found on Earth, but they are all scorched and oxidised from their entry into the Earth’s atmosphere as asteroids. Geologists have confirmed with complete certainty that the Apollo rocks must have been brought from the Moon by man.

Number 6
Identical backgrounds in photos that are listed as taken miles apart.

Explantion: Simple. The moon is made from cheese. All cheese looks the same.

Number 7
The moon's surface during the daytime is so hot that camera film would have melted

Fact: Temperatures on the Moon are both hotter and colder than those on Earth. In other words, the temperature range is more extreme! If you were camping on the Moon, you could not only heat up beans at local noon, you could boil water to do your dishes with! The temperature on the Moon when the Sun is overhead is just above the boiling point of water (100 degrees Celsius).
If you were to spend the night on the Moon (you might as well because it's a long trip home to Earth), you'd have to have a warm sleeping bag, because temperatures reach a low of -173 degrees Celsius.Since the Moon and the Earth are approximately the same distance from the Sun, they receive sunlight of the same strength. So the temperature of the Earth and the Moon should be the same. It is the Moon's lack of atmosphere that creates such extreme temperatures. The Moon doesn't have an atmosphere to absorb sunlight like the Earth does, and so the surface gets very hot. The Moon's lack of atmosphere also lets heat escape during lunar nights so that it gets rather chilly on the surface!

Submitted by Sean (age 8, Wisconsin, USA) (August 6,1997) to
Number 8
No blast crater appeared from the landing
Explnation: The landing module touches down on solid rock, covered in a layer of fine lunar dust, so there is no reason why it would create a blast crater. Even if the ground were less solid, the amount of thrust being produced by the engines at the point of landing and take off is very low in comparison to a landing on Earth because of the relative lack of gravitational pull
Number 9
When the landing module takes off from the Moon’s surface there is no visible flame from the rocket.
Explanation: The rockets in the landing module are powered by fuel containing a combination of hydrazine and dinitrogen tetroxide, which burn with no visible flame.
Number 10
The flag placed on the surface by the astronauts flapped despite there being no wind on the Moon.
Explanation: The flag is held up by a horizontal bar and simply moves when it is unfurled and as the pole is being fixed into position by the astronauts. The flagpole is light, flexible aluminium and continues to vibrate after the astronauts let go, giving the impression of blowing in the wind.
Moon Master: An Easy Quiz for Lunatics

Are these fact or fiction? Are other sources at play? Did the CIA really cover up this hoax in the race to make America the supernation?
Check out Feedback before you make up your mind.

Released October 5th, 2012

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